Climate changes

Variability and change of cloudiness diurnal cycle over the past 30 years

Time series of ESA-Cloud-CCI cloud fraction global monthly  anomalies. Colours represent consecutive NOAA missions: 9, 11, 12, 14,  16, 18 and 19. Positive trends of e.g. NOAA-9 and NOAA-11 most possibly  related to orbital drift issue. Credits: J.Bojanowski
The primary goals of the Project are to: 1) develop and validate a method for statistical reconstruction of cloud cover diurnal cycle, 2) create a 30-year global cloud fraction climatology (1°×1°) suitable for trend analysis by correcting the satellite orbital drift issue, 3) quantify global changes in cloud cover distribution and in diurnal cycle of cloud formation over the last 30 years. The project is funded by the National Science Centre, Poland (NCN) via POLONEZ grant no 2015/19/P/ST10/03990.

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Analysis of changes of cloudiness in Poland

Net Cloud Radiative mForcing (w/m2). Credits: NASA, CERES Team
The main objective of this project is a spatio-temporal analysis of changes in cloud cover distribution and its physical properties in Poland over the last 25 years. The secondary objective is an impact assessment of those changes on solar energy potential. Analyses will be performed on the basis of satellite data acquired by the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) at the resolution of 1 km2.
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Polish-Norwegian Research Programme FINEGRASS

Project FINEGRASS
The Project “Effect of climatic changes on grassland growth, its water conditions and biomass” is funded from Polish-Norwegian Research Programme (http://www.ncbir.pl/en/norwaygrants) operated by the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR).
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Polish-Norwegian Research Programme WICLAP

The Project “Ecosystem stress from the combined effects of winter climate change and air pollution - how do the impacts differ between biomes?” is funded from Polish-Norwegian Research Programme (http://www.ncbir.pl/en/norwaygrants) operated by the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR).
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Drought

In the drought detection system remote sensing data, supported with meteorological observations, are the main source of information. Analysis of crop growth conditions is done through the whole vegetation period and situation is compared with normal or previous year.

The processed information for Poland is derived from NOAA/AVHRR satellite images, collected at the Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, as well as from NOAA/NESDIS data, comprising TCI and VCI coefficients. This information is also compared with data received from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management and from the Head Statistical Office.
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Carbon balance

The objective of the ESA PECS CARBON Project is to assess level of carbon balance with regard to land use, the amount of biomass, the soil moisture and meteorological conditions. The project also assessed the influence of the land use cover on carbon release and sequestration.
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Soil moisture

„Application of SMOS data for Biebrza Wetlands and for Wielkopolska agricultural region in Poland”

The objective of the project is the assessment of carbon balance for different biomasses and soil moisture conditions. Study are conducted at the two different test sites: in the Biebrza Wetland and in the Wielkopolska agricultural region.
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