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Agriculture / Drought
The yield prognosis based on vegetation indices derived from satellite data from NOAA/AVHRR and TERRA/MODIS satellites are made by our specialists.
Within CROP CIS, Geoland2 Global Crop Monitoring module Institute of Geodesy and Cartography has been conducted works related to inter-comparison of various methods for estimating crop acreages and yields in global / regional scale, which are based on multi-temporal remote sensing derived information.
In the drought detection system remote sensing data, supported with meteorological observations, are the main source of information. Analysis of crop growth conditions is done through the whole vegetation period and situation is compared with normal or previous year. The processed information for Poland is derived from NOAA/AVHRR satellite images, collected at the Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, as well as from NOAA/NESDIS data, comprising TCI and VCI coefficients. This information is also compared with data received from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management and from the Head Statistical Office.
The Earth is being monitored continuously by satellites. Data derived from those satellites allows us to monitor agriculture areas and to analyse the conditions of various crops recognition.
The goal of the project is to create pre-demonstration System for Irrigation of crop (potato) fields based on Earth Observation (EO) and in-situ data. The detailed objectives are: 1) to develop and calibrate a model of soil moisture assessment based on S1 and S2 data using in situ results; 2) to validate the SM model using an independent set of measurements, and assess its accuracy, applicability and limitations; 3) to develop the model of irrigation factor value calculation throughout the growth period; 4) to establish a soil moisture and irrigation factor as pre-demonstrator product and present it for validation and provide dissemination between users from agriculture market.
The goal of the project is to create multi-level information System for Drought Monitoring based on Earth Observation (EO) and in-situ data, delivering its services in an operational way for water demanding industry, such as: energy sector, agriculture, environment as surface waters, forest.
The map of agricultural condition in september-october period in Poland on the satellite data NOAA/AVHRR.
Observations of areas with frozen winter cereals are made at the Remote Sensing Centre. There are applied optical images registered from satellites NOAA, TERRA and WorldView-2.
The objectives of the proposal is to develop the method to deliver innovative information on wetlands, forest and crops and their biomass and moisture conditions with high spatial and temporal resolution of ALOS-2 and Sentinel-1 microwave data with different polarization and incidence angle. The optical data from Sentinel-2 will be added and the synergy of information will be designed in order to depict the soil - vegetation features. The vegetation biomass, density, height, soil moisture, vegetation moisture, LAI, APAR, chlorophyll will be measured at the ground during the satellite overpass.
We are carrying out research concerning assessment of soil moisture based on microwave and optical satellite data.
Analysis of snow coverage in country or regional scale is the important element needed for evaluation of crop development conditions. Range and period of covering agricultural areas with snow implies conditions of surviving winter cereals through winter time, as well as it determines water capacity of soils at the beginning of growing season, influencing acceleration or delay in crop development.